Serlachius museot

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+358 (0)3 488 6800 | Gustaf, R. Erik. Serlachiuksen katu 2 | Gösta, Joenniementie 47 | Mänttä

Open summertime 1 June–31 August daily 10am–6pm.

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+358 (0)3 488 6800 | Gustaf, R. Erik. Serlachiuksen katu 2 | Gösta, Joenniementie 47 | Mänttä

Open
summertime 1 June–31 August daily 10am–6pm
wintertime 1 September–31 May Tue–Sun 11am–6pm
Closed 6 Dec, 24–25 Dec, 31 Dec, 25 Mar and 30 Apr

Feel free to
come farther

Pearl of the Month

Memorial tablet of the winter war

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March 2015

Memorial tablet of the winter war

The workers of Kolho Oy wanted to show their respect to their co-workers who died in the winter war by commissioning a memorial tablet honouring their sacrifice for the fatherland. Also Gösta Serlachius contributed to its planning.

After the winter war ended, the workers of the Kolho carpenter’s shop had organised a fundraising among them to finance a memorial tablet for their co-workers killed in the war. The managing director of G. A. Serlachius Oy that owned Kolho Oy was Gösta Serlachius, who was known for his involvement in erecting several memorials. Thus, correspondence on commissioning the tablet was conducted with him. Gösta Serlachius offered to commission an artist to design the monument. The people of Kolho, however, had already a design of their own made by the draughtsman Meritähti who was working at the carpenter’s shop.

The funds raised by the co-workers were to cover all costs, even though the memorial tablet would also mention the name of Kolho Oy. A letter to Gösta Serlachius stated that the company had already in so many ways aided and supported the families of the men called up to the military service and men killed in the war so that no-one expected for it to take part in the purchase costs of the tablet.

Liljeberg Oy submitted a fair tender for the manufacture of the memorial tablet. It stated that a smooth tablet would have cost 1760 marks. The price of a tablet with decorative ornaments on its edges would have been 2300 marks plus three marks for each letter. Fundraising had proceeded so that also an order for the engraved letters could be placed. Unveiling of the memorial tablet was to take place in September 1940.

The memorial tablet was made of marble. It is shield-shaped, unlike the most others that are simplified war memorials. A volute-shaped relief decorates the upper part of the tablet. The relief on the lower part of the tablet contains conifer twigs on the both sides of the sacrificial chalice. Their shape refers to forest and forest industry and reminds the ones that later can be found in Vilppula’s and Pohjaslahti’s municipal coats of arms. The marble tablet contains the names of the eleven people that had worked for Kolho Oy and the inscription: To commemorate the men who, in the fight for our common fatherland and for its people, united as nation, were killed in the battle against a common enemy erected we this. Bothers-in-arms, comrades and Kolho o/y

For many the memorial tablets are familiar sights on the walls of schools and churches. Often they have an inscription For the Fatherland or Pro patria. Many of the memorial tablets commemorate the war heroes of a relatively small community such as a school district or a company. They, on the other hand, often do not denote whose or which authority’s victims the tablet commemorates. The background community and location of the memorial tablet can have ceased to exist and another location has had to be found for the tablet. At some municipalities the memorial tablet has been commissioned as late as in the 2000s.

Kolho Oy’s memorial tablets for the winter and continuation wars have not been on show at the Serlachius Museums. A decition was made in 2016 to return them to Kolho school since the memorial tablets carry a specail meanig for the community and they should be available for public view. They are at present on show at Kolho school. The memorial tablets do not belong to the Serlachius collection anymore.

Milla Sinivuori-Hakanen
Curator